Journal of SMT Article

DETECTING COUNTERFEIT and REWORKED ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS IN THE OPEN MARKETPLACE

Author: Art Ogg
Company: World Micro
Date Published: 7/31/2009   Volume: 22-3

Abstract: The world wide electronics industry is currently faced with an epidemic of fraudulent components entering the global supply chain. No inventory is free of being polluted by parts that have been modified or counterfeited.

This paper will demonstrate the techniques being used by those individuals who rework, alter, counterfeit or otherwise change product so they may be sold as new or as a different part number. Every inventory location needs to adopt an incoming inspection and fraudulent parts detection and mitigation technique. This would include franchised distributors and CM's.

The information presented in this paper will provide the knowledge required to design such inspection procedures. As stated, not even the OCM’s (Original Component Manufacturer) can claim their inventory is always free from fraudulent components.

An organization known as the Independent Distributors of Electronics Association (IDEA) has developed what is now considered to be the industry standard for inspecting electronic components. Many quality organizations have adopted this standard into their QMS documentation. Much of the fraudulent material shown in the photographs included in this document was detected using the IDEA inspection process, IDEA-STD-1010-A, Acceptability of Electronic Components Distributed in the Open Marketplace.

While appropriate governmental organizations are finding ways to detect and stop fraudulent electronic components from crossing our borders, it is in our best interest to develop our own company specific mitigation techniques to protect our supply chain from the potential of fraudulent components being purchased.

Keywords: counterfeit, components, fake



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